What is the alcoholism? Alcoholism Treatment Alcoholism Treatment Alcoholism Treatment Alcoholism
The conduct of drinking alcohol is mainly determined by biological, psychological and social factors. Therefore, are these factors that are involved in the etiology of disorders by use of alcohol (abuse and dependence).
Of this form, the alcoholism it can understand as a consequence of the conduct of drinking alcohol, that causes a modification of the woven brain (represented by the tolerance and the syndrome of abstinence), accompanied of disorders behavioral, alterations psychological and a series of impact in the life family, labour and social of the patient that suffers this addiction.
With the consumption mass of alcohol in it society contemporary, the intake recreational of alcohol is has extended by all the areas social, and is accepted in many cultures as a custom integrative and festive. So then, with the ostensible increase in the conduct of drinking alcohol, influenced inter alia by the publicity and easy access to alcoholic beverages, is a complex health problem: alcoholism.
Alcoholism as a disease, not always receives the most effective treatment since there is no consensus on key issues. In first place, not there is consensus of what should be them objectives and/or them needs fundamental that is should cover or solve level of them patients alcoholic and nor there is a consensus of what devices care would be them more adequate to ensure an assistance valid and reliable.
With this panorama scientific and social, and with the stimulation and the increase of the consumption of beverages alcoholic to level social, is understandable that increase them failures in the treatment of the alcoholism of them people that suffer this addiction and the consequences in the health public by them diseases related with the alcoholism.
So then, in many cases, the absence of effective alcoholism treatments for the abusive consumption of alcoholic beverages is due to misconceptions about what is addiction to alcohol or alcoholism.
Yet for many people (including health professionals) alcohol is a matter of personal choice, i.e., the addict would be it because they want to drink too much alcohol, or is a matter of lack of character, in a way that alcoholics continue to drink because they have no willpower. Behind these conceptions is the belief that leave the alcohol dependence is entirely in the hands (at will) of the addicted person.
But the reality is that addiction, beyond of the decision and the personal will of the addict, is a disease that escapes the control of the alcoholic. Because with consumption high, compulsive and / or prolonged alcohol, the brain adapts pathologically and experiencing biochemical changes that modify the behaviors, thoughts, and feelings of the drinker, and producing among other effects, a compulsive and uncontrollable desire to drink alcohol. This implies that the person suffering from this addiction, hardly can control that compulsive desire generated by the brain damage caused by alcohol, so how also decreases their capacity for self-assessing the damage that the consumption is causing you and direct their behavior towards the abandonment of the drink and the change in lifestyle adictogeno.
Therefore, can say, without a doubt, that alcoholism is a disease, an addiction that affects in a significant way to the functioning of the brain. It is a disease that can receive detoxification treatment and that there is recovery. Today, thanks to research and new technologies, increasingly is known more about alcohol in the brain and the effects it produces, does allowing you to develop appropriate drugs and treatments of alcoholism for the addict to regain control of his life. Moreover, can currently be displayed using techniques of nuclear medicine, such as Positron Emission Tomography (PET), the damage that alcohol causes in cellular metabolism brain, specifying which areas of brain tissue are affected by this pathology.
Advanced Alcoholism Treatment VS Traditional Alcoholism Treatment
He treatment of alcohol must start with a diagnosis that understand both, the evaluation clinical of them factors biological, psychological and social that interact in the disease of each person, as analytical and testing medical and test psychological. After this initial assessment, you should continue with treatment of hospital form.
Here it is important to point out that the detoxification of alcoholism can be understood in different ways. Treatments against alcoholism traditional detoxification only focuses on the control of the most obvious symptoms of addiction, that is, in the control of the symptoms of withdrawal. According to this conception, treating addiction means first and foremost to cleanse the body of alcohol.
However, alcohol detoxification treatment, as understood in more advanced treatments, involves not only the Elimination of the withdrawal symptoms, but also, and fundamentally the neuronal recovery from brain damage caused by alcohol, and cognitive and emotional functions that have suffered alterations. From this second concept, rather than talk about detoxification, refers to neuroregulation, i.e. to treat alcohol addiction means not only clean and detoxify the body, but also repair the brain damage that this addiction is causing in the brain tissue.
This is not to say that it is not important to treat the symptoms of withdrawal when you stop drinking alcohol, since indeed withdrawal is a challenge and an obstacle to recovery from addiction. This syndrome occurs because the body has become accustomed to the presence of alcohol (it has become dependent) and the brain, therefore, ceases to produce natural chemicals that alcohol replaces.
I.e. the organism depends on alcohol to function “normally”, and therefore when stops drinking after a long time of compulsive consumption, the Agency does not have natural chemicals which has ceased to produce or, nor with the substitute chemical posed by alcohol, and therefore suffer alterations.
A few alterations that are experienced as symptoms opposite to the effects of alcohol, anxiety and agitation, convulsions, vomiting, sweating, tremors, and in many cases pain and even, in extreme degree, delirium tremens. Symptoms that just disappear, if no adequate treatment, when it becomes to consume alcohol.
In fact, withdrawal becomes the main fear for the addict when he is wants to undergo a treatment of alcoholism and, therefore, abandon the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Also withdrawal becomes the main risk of relapse for the addict, by the necessity of the alcoholic patient alleviate discomfort that produces such withdrawal.
More beyond of her addiction to the alcohol: the recovery neural is the treatment of detoxification of the alcoholism.
But beyond the detoxification or withdrawal of alcohol from the body, it is necessary to recover in the patient areas of the brain that have been damaged by addiction, i.e., it is necessary that a new neuroadaptacion process is generated, but now not pathological. So then, them methods “traditional” of detoxification serve for perform a detoxification of the alcoholism and clean the body, controlling them symptoms of the withdrawal, but not restore those areas brain where the alcohol has caused changes neurochemical, with the risk additional that this type of detoxification can masking others symptoms of damage brain.
Also, there is that consider that the medication that usually is used in these procedures, that the most of them times is uses to medication derived of them benzodiazepines, to the long causes another addiction in the patient: to them tranquilizers.
This neuronal recovery is made today by advanced treatment of detoxification of alcohol of the drug type, carried out by professionals in medicine, psychology and nursing and control and continuous monitoring of the patient in a hospital setting appropriate.
Through this procedure of recovery neuronal, is acts in them receivers brain, and in systems and structures altered by the alcohol, as the bark brain, training reticular, and the cerebellum, that also are associated with the syndrome of abstinence, by what, to the intervene in the recovery of these areas, is prevents the appearance of them symptoms of withdrawal.
Thus, on the one hand, recovery of brain structures allows the Elimination of the withdrawal symptoms and allows that it disappears the longing and the irrepressible desire to consume alcohol. And on the other hand, this treatment of alcohol specialized, to the recover them functions brain altered by the alcohol, causes that is restore processes advanced of cognition and affection, as the capacity of attention, concentration, the capacity for read, the awareness or the serenity.
Alcoholism Treatment : advantages
Provides an abandonment more sure of her addiction under strict control medical and psychological.
It allows the patient to live an abstinencial process without painful symptoms, i.e., without suffering.
At the same time allowing to regain their cognitive and affective processes that had been altered in the patient.
It therefore allows alcohol addict have a good disposition to psychotherapy, by not going through a detoxification with the discomfort of withdrawal treatment, so that ultimately, the patient can take control of their alcohol-free life.