Substance abuse treatment and Recovery
Yes. Addiction is a treatable disease. Research in the science of addiction and substance use disorders treatment has allowed to develop interventions based on evidence that they help people stop abusing drug and resume productive lives.
Not always, but like other chronic diseases, addiction can be treated successfully. The treatment allows people to counter the powerful and harmful effects on the brain and behavior and regain control of their lives.
Image showing the recovery of brain function after prolonged abstinence these images, showing the density of transporters of dopamine in a brain area called the “corpus striatum”, illustrate the remarkable potential of the brain to recover, at least partially, after a long abstinence from drugs. In this case, the metanfetamina.
Addiction does not have to be a sentence of life, There’s substance abuse treatment .
Relapse into drug abuse indicates that the treatment has failed?
No. The chronic nature of the disease means that relapse in drug abuse at some point not only is possible, but likely. Relapse rates (i.e., with often recur symptoms) for people with addiction and other substance use disorders are similar to the rate of relapses of other chronic diseases well known, such as diabetes, hypertension and asthma, also have components both physiological and behavior. The treatment of chronic diseases involves changing deeply rooted behaviors and relapse doesn’t mean that the treatment has failed. For a person recovering from addiction, relapse to drug use indicates that it should resume or adjust the treatment, or that he should try another tratamiento.
Image showing that drug addiction relapse rates are comparable with other chronic diseases relapse rates for persons treated for substance abuse are compared with the of people with diabetes, hypertension or asthma. Relapses are common and similar in all of these diseases (such as the adhesion/no medication adherence). Therefore, drug addiction should be treated as any other chronic disease; relapse serves as a trigger for a new intervention.
What are the principles of an effective treatment for substance use disorder?
Research shows that the combination of drugs for the treatment (when applicable) behavioral therapy is the best way to ensure success in the majority of patients. Treatment approaches must be designed to treat the patterns of drug use and each patient medical, psychiatric and social problems related to drugs.
How can medicines help to treat drug addiction?
There are different types of medications that may be useful in various stages of treatment to help a patient stop abusing drugs, continue with treatment and avoid relapses.
Image of the cells and pills scientific discoveries lead to advances in the treatment of drug abuse.
Treatment of abstinence. When patients stop using drugs for the first time, they may experience various symptoms physical and emotional, such as depression, anxiety and other disorders of mood, as well as restlessness or insomnia. Certain medications are designed to reduce these symptoms, which facilitates the arrest of drug use.
Continuation of treatment. Some medicines are used to help the brain to adapt gradually to the absence of the addictive drug. These drugs act slowly to avoid the desire to consume drugs and have a restful seep on the systems of the body. They can help patients focus on therapy and other therapies related to their drug treatment.
Prevention of relapse. Science has taught us that stress, evidence related to the experience with drugs (such as people, places, things and moods), and exposure to drugs are the most common triggers of relapse. Drugs are being developed to interfere with these triggers in order to help patients maintain recovery.
Medications used to treat drug addiction